Subhas Chandra Bose: The Statesman

Caption: Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Odisha’s Cuttack. He cleared the Indian Civil Service examination but refused to join citing nationalism to be a higher calling.

He joined the nationalist movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1921. He became Congress president in 1938. After his reelection in 1939, differences arose between him and Gandhi. Bose had to resign and was eventually ousted from the party.

In April 1941 Bose reached Nazi Germany and a Free India Centre in Berlin with the help of German support. A 3,000-strong Free India Legion was recruited from among Indian POWs of WW I, to serve under Bose. But the plan fizzled by spring 1942 as the German army was mired in Russia.

Rash Behari Bose handed over Indian National Army (INA) to Subhas Chandra Bose on his arrival in Southeast Asia in 1943. A Provisional Government of Free India was declared on the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nominally presided by Bose. Bose died on August 18, 1945when his overloaded plane crashed in Japanese Taiwan.

But the tide of nationalism inspired by Bose swept through India and was ultimately successful in throwing away the yoke of colonialism in 1947.

Image courtesy of (Image Courtesy: GoI Achieves)

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