by Arnab Mitra
President Joe Biden’s recent comment on Indians “taking over the US” has focused attention on the very successful Indian American community in the US.
In a virtual meeting with NASA scientists following the successful landing of the Perseverance rover on Mars, Biden said: “Indian Americans are taking over the country. You (Swati Mohan), my Vice President (Kamala Harris), my speech writer (Vinay Reddy).”
The statement is being seen as an acknowledgment of the strides made by the relatively small community of Indian immigrants who have made the US their home. Numbering about 3.8 million, or about 1.2% of the US population, the Indian diaspora in the US is the richest, most educated and among the most successful ethnic groups in that country – pulling ahead of even white Americans on most counts. More than 75 % of Indian Americans have arrived in the US after 1990.
An article on the website of Migration Policy Institute titled Indian immigrants in the United States from October 16, 2020 sums it up very well.
“Indian immigrants are notable not only for their large numbers. Compared with both the overall US- and foreign-born populations, Indian immigrants are more likely to be highly educated, to work in management positions, and to have higher incomes. They also have lower poverty rates and are less likely to be uninsured. Today, most Indians in the US who obtain Green Cards do so through family reunification channels, although a sizable share gain status through employment preferences,” the report says.
The most entrepreneurial ethnic group
The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine of the US in its report titled The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration had said in 2015-16 that “Indian immigrants are the most entrepreneurial of any group including natives, and immigrant businesses represent more than a quarter of businesses in the transportation, accommodation, and recreation and entertainment sectors.”
The report takes a comprehensive look at the fiscal and economic impact of immigration and confirms that immigrants make valuable contributions to economic growth, innovation, and entrepreneurship in the US.
According to Pew Research Center data from September 2017, about 32 per cent of Indian Americans have a bachelor’s degree and 40 per cent are postgraduates. The comparable figures for all Asian Americans are 30 per cent and 21 per cent, respectively. If all Americans are considered, Indians stand out even more as only 19 percent of Americans have undergraduate degrees and 11 per cent have post-graduate education.
They also earn a lot more than all other ethnic groups, white Americans included. A recent survey by Coalition for Asian Pacific American Community Development found that the average income of Indian American families is $120,000, compared to the overall US average of $88,000.
Statista.com, a global online database of economic statistics, reports that the median household income of Asian families in the US is $98,000, while the figure for Caucasian families is $76,000.
Biden’s statement and the data above come at a time when immigration has emerged as a contentious political subject in the US, with the country sharply polarized between those who favor easier entry norms for talented immigrants and those who advocate pulling up the drawbridges.
Most successful immigrant group
“No political issue is hotter than immigration. And no immigrant group has been more successful than Indians in the United States,” said Larry Summers, former President, Harvard University and Former US Treasury Secretary at the launch of a book titled The Other One Percent: Indians in America by Sanjoy Chakravorty, Devesh Kapur and Nirvikar Singh.
Singh hypothesizes that there is nothing really extraordinary about the success of Indians. “There is no ‘secret sauce’. There are no peculiarly Indian cultural traits (that make Indian Americans more successful than others)…. They came very carefully selected. They were not coming from poverty. The simplest policy prescription may be this: Make sure everyone has access to education,” he told the media.
The immigration of Indian Americans really began in 1965 when the US lifted caps it had placed on immigrants from some countries. Since then, the visa process has favored the entry of mostly upper class, educated Indians, their close relatives, students with very high scores and skilled workers.
“Your path to success as an immigrant depends a lot on what you bring in and what your constraints are in your new home… Without educational resources and a stable financial background, migrants typically get stuck. Socioeconomic factors are much more determining than any cultural traits,” Singh added.
Population share to double by 2030
The Indian American population is expected to almost double to 2 percent of the US population by 2030. They are mostly concentrated in New York, New Jersey, Washington DC, California and Texas.
Many of them work in the IT sector, the financial services companies, as doctors, lawyers and in managerial positions in big companies. A large number of Indians are also entrepreneurs, especially in the motels business.
‘The Other One Percent’ says Indian Americans support the Democrats by a 10:1 margin and play a key political role in states such as Texas and Georgia, among others. Also, 80 percent of second-generation Indian Americans are under the age of 25 years. This means their political influence is likely to grow further in the years and decades to come.
Taking to public service
That influence is already evident in Biden’s appointments. “It is impressive to see how many Indian-Americans were ready to enter into public service. There have been so many additions since we launched our Government Leaders list last month on Presidents’ Day. I am so proud to see our community is going from strength to strength,” M Rangaswami, of Indiaspora told PTI.
Some of the important Biden appointees are Uzra Zeya, Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, State Department; Mala Adiga, Policy Director to Dr Jill Biden; Aisha Shah, Partnership Manager, White House Office of Digital Strategy; Sameera Fazili, Deputy Director, US National Economic Council (NEC); Sumona Guha: Senior Director for South Asia at the National Security Council, White House; and Sabrina Singh: Deputy Press Secretary, Vice President White House.
“The Biden-Harris administration’s inclusion of South Asians in key senior staff roles will undoubtedly inspire countless South Asians to aspire to public service and run for public office. This is a proud moment for our community,” Neha Dewan from South Asians for Biden told PTI.
Indian Americans are coming of age in the US and beginning to exert influence in the public sphere. Two Indian Americans, Nikki Haley and Bobby Jindal, have already ruled Louisiana and South Carolina as governors.
There is a buzz about Haley preparing for a presidential run in 2024. If that happens, there is every possibility of the US Presidential race narrowing down to two women of Indian descent – Haley versus Harris.
That will validate the statement by Jon Huntsman, former Governor of Utah and United States Ambassador to China, when he said: “In the last half-century, Americans of Indian descent epitomize how new waves of immigrants have been renewing our communities and our economy.”
Source: India Global Business