Stockholm: Three scientists from the US, Germany, and Italy were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 for their contributions in discovering climate and complex physical systems.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Physics Nobel to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems”, said a statement.
Manabe from Princeton University, US and Hasselmann from Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany were jointly awarded “for the physical modeling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming”.
Parisi from Sapienza University of Rome was awarded the other half “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”.
Manabe and Hasselmann laid the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it, while Parisi got rewarded for his revolutionary contributions to the theory of disordered materials and random processes.
“Three Laureates share this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies of chaotic and apparently random phenomena. Complex systems are characterized by randomness and disorder and are difficult to understand. This year’s Prize recognizes new methods for describing them and predicting their long-term behavior,” said the statement from the Academy.