The idea of the United Nations was born during World War II (1939-1945). The name “United Nations” coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was first used in the Declaration by the United Nations of January 1, 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. World leaders who had collaborated to end the war felt a strong need for a mechanism that would help bring peace and stop future wars. They realized that this was possible only if all nations worked together through a global organization. The United Nations was to be that Organization.

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